Here i am starting with details for liferay tables. List is updated upto 5.2.3 community release. Will keep updating this as i will get more time. In case you want the tables for some specific functionality , please comment on Post.
In liferay you can define listeners for an entity. They work like triggers and necessary code will be called based on what action is performed on the entity (update , create etc).In these three steps you can understand how LDAP is synched with Liferay DB.